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‘Ananas comosus’ is the botanical name of the fruit we know as the pineapple. Native to South America, it was named for its resemblance to a pine cone.

The name pineapple in English comes from the similarity of the fruit to a pine cone. The word was first recorded in 1398, where originally used to describe the reproductive organs of conifer trees (now termed pine cones). When European explorers discovered this tropical fruit, they called them "pineapples" (term first recorded in that sense in 1664) because they resembled what are now known as pine cones. The term "pine cone" was first recorded in 1694 to replace the original meaning of "pineapple"

In the scientific binomial ‘Ananas comosus’, ‘ananas’, the original name of the fruit, comes from the Tupi (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) word for pine nanas, as recorded by André Thevenet in 1555 and comosus means "tufted" and refers to the stem of the fruit.Other members of the Ananas genus are often called pine as well by laymen.
Pineapple Fruit

In Spanish pineapples are called ananá ("ananás", in Spain) or piña (see the piña colada drink). A large, sweet pineapple grown especially in Brazil is called abacaxi .In Tamil (Indian Ancient Language) is called "Annachi Pazham". In Bengali, pineapples are called "anarosh".

It was probably the Guarani Indians who took pineapples on sea voyages as provisions and to prevent scurvy, thus spreading the plants from their native Paraguay throughout South and Central America. They called it ‘nana’, meaning "excellent fruit."

Christopher Columbus is credited with discovering the pineapple on the island of Guadeloupe in 1493, although the fruit had long been grown in South America. He called it piña de Indes meaning "pine of the Indians."

Another explorer, Magellan, is credited with finding pineapples in Brazil in 1519, and by 1555, the luscious fruit was being exported with gusto to England. It soon spread to India, Asia, and the West Indies.

Captain James Cook later introduced the pineapple to Hawaii circa 1770. However, commercial cultivation did not begin until the 1880s when steamships made transporting the perishable fruit viable.

Once known as the fruit of kings, pineapple is a true exotic fruit as for one thing, it is a member of the bromeliad family, in which edible fruits are rare. In 1903, James Drummond Dole began canning pineapple, making it easily accessible worldwide.

However, since pineapple was first canned and became a major crop in Hawaii, we associate pineapple with Hawaii and the tastes of the islands.

Today, Hawaii produces only ten percent of the world's pineapple crops.India has been developing Pineapple Products and in the current international food market the North East region Pineapple from India has attained a respectable position. Other countries contributing to the pineapple industry include Mexico, Honduras, Dominican Republic, Philippines, Thailand, Costa Rica, China, and Asia.

Pineapple is thus the third most canned fruit behind applesauce and peaches.

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